Microfilm Image from George Ubank's probate order, York County, Virginia,
Court Records, 1687
HENRY EUBANCKE is the earliest Eubank immigrant I've found in colonial Virginia. His name appears in records of a lawsuit brought by Capt. William Claiborne in 1637. Claiborne was Secretary of State of the Virginia Colony from 1625 through 1635. The lawsuit was against several business partners in London with whom Claiborne had entered into a business venture in 1631. The partners agreed to supply from London all necessities and trade goods for use by the settlers of Claiborne's Kent Island settlement in order to gain trade with the Indian tribes of the Chesapeake Bay area. Evidence given in the lawsuit reveals that the partners failed to supply the settlement as promised at the time of contract.
In the summer of 1631, Capt. Claiborne and his lieutenant Arthur Figgs, and sixteen others, arrived in Virginia from London aboard the Africa. During the first few months at Kent Island, the weather had been good, the fields had been planted in corn, and a few small houses built. However, just as cold weather was coming to the Bay, an angry young man of the settlement set fire to the storehouses, resulting in the loss of supplies, clothing, and shelter that were to see the men through the first winter. As a result most of the men who had come with Claiborne in the Africa died a few months after their arrival at Kent Island. According to Claiborne’s account of the settlement, it was then necessary that he hire men who were then living on the Eastern Shore. Claiborne hired Henry Eubancke as an Interpreter, “ to go among the Indians for trading purposes.”
A descendant of Capt. Claiborne, Nathanial Claiborne Hale, writes in a biography of his prominent ancestor that Henry Eubank was one of six men upon whom Capt. Claiborne relied heavily during the first few years of the Kent Island plantation and trading enterprise. The other men were Hugh Heywood, Thomas Hailes, Constantine the Indian, Thomas Grinder, and William Coxe, who explained in the records of the lawsuit that “if it had not been for the love and good will” that he “and other freemen did beare to the said Claiborne they would not have served for twice soe much to any other, as they did to the said Claiborne.”
Henry's name appears as an interpreter on Claiborne’s account log until 1635. On his log in 1634 Claiborne notes that, "This yeare we were mutch hindered and molested by the Indians falling out with us and killing our men and by the Marylanders hindring our trade."
mentioned above as an associate of Claiborne at Kent Island, gave
deposition in the lawsuit, Claiborne vs. Clobery, et al, in 1637, in
which he recalls the names of only two men among the many who had died
during the time of the settlement. One of the two men was Henry Eubancke.
The other man whose name he
Belson was one of three Virginians killed when the Marylanders and Claiborne's men clashed in two small sailing vessels on the waters of Pocomoke Sound in the Chesapeake Bay. The incident was the first episode of a twelve-year-long struggle between Virginia and Maryland to gain trading superiority on the Chesapeake. Three other Virginians were wounded. One of the men may have been Henry, who might have died as a result of wounds. Or Henry, whose job it was to negotiate and trade with the Indians, may have died as a result of violence during a trade negotiation with Indians along the shores of the Chesapeake Bay or the Susquehanna River.
We’ve found no reference to the year or circumstance of Henry’s arrival from England to the Eastern Shore. (See research below of Robin Ewbank.) His name was not on the Virginia muster records of 1623/24. In 1631 he had been on the Eastern Shore long enough to have learned the language of the Accowmack or Accohannock tribes, and to serve as an interpreter.
Henry was among those early residents of Virginia, who, because of their interest, and probable necessity of learning the native language, must have served as unofficial diplomats in the early English colony. On the first trip up to Kent Island after arrival in the Africa in 1631, Capt. Claiborne's interpreter was Thomas Savage, a resident of the Eastern Shore. Savage had arrived in Virginia as a boy in 1608 aboard the first supply ship to Jamestowne and had spent time in the village of Chief Powhatan. Capt. John Smith, in his history of Virginia, included an account written by colonial official John Pory of Pory's travels to the Eastern Shore. As Savage now lived on the Eastern Shore, Pory employed him to serve as interpreter for the sojourn. On their first meeting at the Indian village of Accowmack, Pory expressed concern to Savage for the safety of his entourage in traveling among the Indian tribes. Savage then tells the travelers how he has been treated well by the native people of the area, and is as purely English as ever. Savage invites Pory to "come freely to my Countrie and welcome."
Daniel J. Boorstin notes in his book, Americans: The Colonial Experience, that most often immigrants arriving in Virginia early in the seventeenth century were from the Midlands of England.
In researching sources for the name Eubank in English records, we find fifteenth, sixteenth, and seventeenth century families living in Yorkshire, London and Norfolk County, and Norwich. There are Eubank parish records in the city of London, of marriage and christening in the general time-frame of Henry's probable birth and emigration. And earlier still there are names of Eubank individuals, variously spelled, reaching back into the 1300's in England in the areas of York and Cumberland. And the very earliest Eubank we’ve found is a fellow by the name of Waldef de Yuebanc b. circa 1258, Cumberland - perhaps a descendant of Norman French ancestry.
The Genealogical Research of Robin Ewbank in England
A referenced entry concerning Robert Eubancke, a vintner of London, appears below on this page. The reference indicates that Robert Eubancke gave financial support to a Mr. Lambert for a voyage to Virginia. Security for the loan was Mr. Lambert's ship the Thomas and John.
Robin's research indicates that almost certainly Robert Eubancke is a cousin to Michael Ewbank, deceased in 1620, of Borrenthwaite. As Robin explains, Borrenthwaite is an ancient Ewbank holding on Stainmore near Brough Westmoreland. The estate had remained in the family for nearly a thousand years until 1960. In his will probated in 1620, Michael gave his "cousin Robert Ewbank of London my sealing gold ring."
Michael Ewbancke had a son Henry Ubancke, baptised under Brough at Stainmore (Westmoreland) on January 6, 1612. Robin's research reveals that Michael's family, of the Borrenthwaite Ewbank families, were the first to spell their name with the -ancke ending, the form of Henry's name which we find in Captain Claiborne's records. If no other mid-lands Ewbank/Ubank family previously spelled their name with the -ancke ending before Michael spelled it that way, then this is circumstantial evidence that Michael's son Henry was Capt. Claiborne's interpreter.
As it is proved that Michael was close cousin to Robert Ewbank, having willed his gold ring to Robert, therefore Henry, too, would have been close to Robert. Henry may have personally carried the ring to Robert in London. Henry may have traveled to London also with thoughts to immigrate to Virginia to find his fortune. Robin notes that Henry was a younger son, and did not inherit the family land and home. Robert Eubancke of London was evidently of some means and involved with shipping concerns. This might have given Henry that excellent opportunity, not only to experience the largest city in England, but perhaps on to adventure in Virginia.
There is no record of Henry Ubancke in Virginia before 1631, by which time he had been hired, along with other men of the Eastern Shore, by Capt. William Claiborne in the operation of the trading enterprise on Kent Island. Henry was Claiborne's interpreter, and one of his few close aides, during the first few years at Kent Island. Being a young man, Henry likely learned the language of the Accowmac or Accohannock tribe of the Eastern Shore quite easily. In transcription of Claiborne's day by day log of the trading enterprise, Henry's surname is spelled Ubancke and Eubancke.
It is important to consider Henry's probable age at his death in 1635. He was in the employ of Capt. Claiborne at the time of his death. If he was the young man, Michael Ewbancke's son Henry from Borrenthwaite, he would then have been age twenty-four at his death in 1635, having been born in late 1611. Eubancke descendants we find living on the Eastern Shore in the years after Henry's death are surely his descendants. When Kent Island became a part of Maryland, some residents stayed on the island. However, most residents on Kent Island crossed the Chesapeake Bay to settle in Virginia, many in the counties of the Northern Neck. The island is still called Kent Island on modern maps. It is located across the Bay from Annapolis.
William Ubank -
October 13 - William Ubank, age 20, is listed among persons going aboard the Amity sailing from London to St. Christopher's in the West Indies. Among passengers listed for the same voyage were the following surnames, which appear later with Eubank names in 17th and 18th century records of Tidewater counties: Herden (Herndon?), Bourne, Parker, Cartwright, Harris, Molton (Moulson?), Saunderson, Heath, Godding (Gooding?), Davies, James, Bagley (Bagby?).
Boorstin writes in the Americans that the difference in climate and
landscape of the West Indies, and “myriad other differences, put anything
resembling English life outside the bounds of a sane imagination. Before
long, those who could not tolerate an alien way of life returned to
John Camden Hotten, The Original Lists of Persons of Quality who went
from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700 London, 1874, p.
Robert Eubancke - 1635
15 & Oct. 30 - Robert Eubancke is mentioned above as close cousin of Michael
Eubancke of Borrentwaite. Robert was of St. Katherine by the Tower,
and a citizen and vintner of London. Eubancke loaned Richard Lambert a
sum against Lambert's ship, the Thomas and John, to pay for Lambert's
trip to Virginia.
The name John
Elcock appears with five others on a headrights list of Thomas Hales and
Thomas Sheppard’s patent for 300 acres in Northumberland County. Along with
Henry Eubanke, Thomas Hailes was among Claiborne’s close aides during
the early 1630's on Kent Island.
Many of the Kent Island settlers moved to Northumberland County and
the Northern Neck after Kent Island became a part of Maryland. Also,
Eubank names are found mentioned with the name Haley in Caroline County
Order Books of the 18th century. Haley most likely is a variation of the
Source: Nell Marion Nugent, Cavaliers and
Pioneers: Abstracts of Virginia Land Patents Vo1 I, 1623 - 1666, p.219.
William Sebocke - 1652
( Eubank ?)
William Sebocke appears on a land patent list of Mrs. Mary Brent,
acreage in Northumberland County. William Ayres and a number of
names which appear in Eastern Shore records are also on the list.
Henery Eubunke - 1653
Henery Eubunke is included on Col. William Clayborne’s headrights list
of a 5,000 acre land grant on the northside of the Pamunkey river in the
Narrowes, north of land of Capt. John West of Accomack. [West’s land was
in the area where the Pamunkey and Mattaponi Rivers meet to form the York.]
Claiborne developed the 5,000 acres into his Romancoke Plantation.
The land was included in the newly partitioned King William County in 1701.
Along with Henry’s name, some individuals on this list are the names
of men who had come over with Claiborne in the Africa in 1631 and
died soon after. Also on the list are names of men Claiborne had hired
from the early Eastern Shore, and who had died. Henry and those men
had been deceased for eighteen years or more in 1653.
Eubanke - 1657
William Eubanke’s name appears on a headrights list of William Knott, who patented 500 acres upon Petomeck River and near land of Vincent Cocks (Cox). Other early Kent Island, Eastern Shore, and Accomack County names are in references concerning this area, among them Bennett, Woodhouse, Wood, Ayres, Harman. William Coxe [Cocke}was also one of the several aides so important to Claiborne in the first years of the Kent Island settlement. Source: Nugent, Cavaliers and Pioneers, Vol. I, p. 366.
William Ebruck - 1669
Accomack County, Eastern
William Elrocke - 1672
Northhampton County, Hungars
Creek, Eastern Shore
William Erbrack - 1673
County, Eastern Shore
Henry Eubank - 1673
late as 1673, almost 40 years after Henry Eubank, and other men of the Kent
Island settlement had died, their names appear on a land grant list of lower
(Youbank) was a resident of Accomack County in September, 1679. His age was
26, and he would have been born in 1653. [The
time-frame allows Henry to be a son of William, of the 1652/57 references,
and grandson of Henry the Interpreter. It is a possibility that William
Eubanke of 1657, possibly a son of Henry, sold his headrights and continued
to live on the Eastern Shore. Yet, from early Tidewater Virginia
records, there are more references to William Eubank there.
On the Eastern Shore there are more references to Henry Eubank. If John Elcock
of the 1651 Northumberland reference was John Eubank, he may also be a son of Henry.]
Henry Hubanck appears along with nineteen others on a land certificate
for 1,000 acres granted Mathew Scarbrow in Accomack County.
[This Henry may be the Henry,
26, in 1679.]
John Ewbanck - 1684
1684 - Abstract of an Indenture : Form A Serial Number 890 for
ffrances Bauldwin, age 16, signed: Frances Baldwin.
Frances was bound to Bartholomew Oates of London, Mariner [Probably master
of the ship in which she was to sail. This according to detailed explanation
of the Indenture Forms.] The place and number of years of the
Indenture was to be in Maryland for five years. Date Indenture was signed :
August 14, 1684. A note with the form reads, “Ann Billion and John Ewbanck,
who upon oath saith her father is dead and her mother willing to her going."
Witnesses were John Ewbanck and William Beale. Magistrate was Abraham Bayly.
There is no further evidence that either Ann Billion or John Ewbanck
immigrated to America.
George Ubank died in 1686 or 1687 in York County. His widow, Jane Ubank, married David Stoner of York county. George and Jane Ubank’s plantation was near Middle Plantation, or Williamsburg, in Bruton Parish.
Transcription of George Ubank’s probate order:
A Commission of Administration of all and singular effects
of George Ubank, dec'd, is granted to Janie Ubank giving bond with good and
sufficient security for leaving the Court harmless and due performance the
said Administratrix according to law. Edward Maylon[Moulson?] and Elisha
Slandon (?) ? her security for the
Indemnifying this Court as allsoe for the ? performance of said
Administratrix according to law. And it is ordered that some time
between this and the next Court Mr. Caman[Camm ?] , Nich : Sabrill, and
Isaak Godding or any two of them doo meete att the house of Janie
Ubank and Inventory and Appraise the said
Estate being first sworn before the next Magistrate, and make Report thereof
to the next Court.
following court order was given on May 24, 1692:
Stapleton Ubank - 1689
Jennings, a name from the Eastern Shore and York County, patents 6,000 acres
above the falls. With other names found in Eastern Shore and York County
records, the name Stapleton Ubank appears on the list.
The two William Eubank references below may be the William Eubank of King and Queen County listed as owning 350 acres on the 1704 Quit Rent Tax of that county. The John Eubank born c1720 (married Mary Bullard) may be William's grandson. Thomas and Anne Eubank listed in the records of the Caroline County Court Order Books may be John's parents.
(sic) - 1680
New Kent County
The name Edward Hudson appears adjacent to William's name on the two Joshua Storey patents above. Thomas Green's name also appears adjacent to William Eubank’s name on the lists. Thomas Green was one of the men paid by the Harrison men who settled the George Ubank estate for David Stoner. It is also interesting that the name Martin Gardener appears on the Edmund Jennings patent list with Stapleton Ubank’s name. Martin Gardener also received payment from the settlement of the Ubank estate, and was one of the men initially appointed by the court in 1692 to settle the George Ubank estate. The name John Gardner appears adjacent to the name of John Eubank in a 1779 Caroline County Drysdale Parish religious petition.
Storey’s name appears in York County court records through the late 1680's.
Yet, he must have settled some time earlier on the Eastern Shore, as Mary
Storey's name appears at age 25 on a list of residents of the Eastern Shore
in 1680. This date coincides with the date of Storey's 1680 New Kent
land grant. Joshua Storey's daughter Mary married John Robinson, who
later inherited 4000 acres of the 1691 patent. The area of
Storey’s patents was known as The Morocosic Creek Plantation, which
lay in King & Queen, and after 1727, partly in Caroline. When King &
Queen County was formed from New Kent in 1691, Storey became one of the two
representatives of the new county of King & Queen County in the
Virginia House of Burgesses.
Eubank b 1653 - lived Accomack, age proved by document of 1679
William Eubank b
c1670's - probably the William Eubank of the 1704 Quit
Original narrative Copyright © 2004-2013 by Iris Teta Eubank Wagner.